Vaping linked to marijuana use in young people, research says

(CNN)Young people who vape are more likely to use marijuana, according to a study published Monday. The findings, researchers say, support the theory that nicotine rewires the developing brain, changing how people respond to and crave addictive substances.

When a young brain is exposed to an addictive substance such as nicotine, it “tends to be sensitized to other substances; it tends to seek a thrilling, rewarding sensation,” said Chadi. “And so other substances like marijuana become more appealing.”
The research, published in the medical journal JAMA Pediatrics, analyzed more than 20 pre-existing studies of people ages 10 to 24. The review found that the odds of marijuana use were 3.5 times higher in people who vaped compared to those who didn’t.
    That link suggests that “e-cigarettes really need to be considered in the broad category of addictive and harmful substances,” said Chadi, who is now an assistant professor at the University of Montreal.
    “We can’t think of e-cigarettes as a less-harmful alternative to cigarettes with adolescents,” he said, in part because “just like cigarettes, e-cigarettes increase your risk of using marijuana, and marijuana, we know, has several implications and negative health consequences in adolescents.”
    Teenage use of the drug is associated with declines in intelligence and mental function that persist into adulthood, according to some studies, and marijuana has been linked to psychosis, which can include hallucinations and delusions.

    Review looked at correlation, not causation

    Studies included in the new review looked for correlation, not causation, meaning that researchers couldn’t prove that e-cigarettes directly caused increases in cannabis use. But when it comes to figuring out why marijuana use consistently increased in those who vaped, Chadi said “it’s hard for me to find a better explanation.”
    “A reasonable hypothesis,” he said, “is that e-cigarette use might cause at least a part of that increased risk of using marijuana.”
    Most of the 21 studies included in the review adjusted for gender, age, race and socioeconomic status, said Chadi. Research works best “by adjusting all of those factors, and repeating the same study in different parts of the world and using different designs,” he said.
    “The more times you do that, the less chances you have of finding an association that’s not there, that’s not true,” he added.
    Compared to young adults ages 18 to 24, teens younger than 17 were also more likely to use marijuana if they vaped, the review found. “The relationship seemed to be stronger in younger people versus older people,” said Chadi. That makes sense, he said, because “a younger brain is more vulnerable to the effects of substances in general.”
    If a younger teen is exposed to e-cigarettes, “you would expect that there would be a higher risk of them using marijuana, versus an older adolescent or young adult who might have a more developed brain and might not be as sensitive to the negative effects of nicotine,” he added.

    Developing brains are more vulnerable, experts say

    Experts have previously warned that nicotine changes the brain, interfering with development up until about 26 years old.
    Adam Leventhal, director of the Health, Emotion, and Addiction Laboratory at the University of Southern California, told CNN earlier this year that “there’s concern that the adolescent brain may be more vulnerable to the addictive effects of nicotine.”
    He added that “the circuits underlying pleasure and the pursuit of novel, enjoyable experiences develop much faster than the circuits that promote decision making, impulse control and rational thinking.”
    The nation’s top doctor has also weighed in. Former Surgeon General Dr. Vivek H. Murthy, in a 2016 report, said that “compared with older adults, the brain of youth and young adults is more vulnerable to the negative consequences of nicotine exposure.”

    Sign up here to get The Results Are In with Dr. Sanjay Gupta every Tuesday from the CNN Health team.


    Recommended For You

    MOTO Theme - powerful & versatile WordPress theme.

    NEW Software Replaces EVERY WordPress Theme On The Planet ? Get UNLIMITED Top-Performing Sites In ANY Niche With Over 150 Stunning Customizable Templates ? COMMERCIAL RIGHTS INCLUDED!

    Zcode system - free horse racing selections

    Fully Automatic Sports Picks with 100% transparent performance since 2002

    Trenzy Pro Commercial

    Get this Breakthrough App That Harnesses The Power of Hot Trending Topics for NON-STOP Buyer Traffic in 3 Simple Clicks

    The link between nicotine and marijuana is not new. A study published last year, for example, found that teens who vaped and used hookah were up to four times more likely to use marijuana later.
      Some teens put cannabis into e-cigarettes, with almost 1 in 11 middle and high school students saying they have vaped marijuana, according to a report published last year.
      While more than two dozen states have legalized marijuana in some way — either for medical or recreational use — Chadi warned that the drug is not risk-free, especially in young people. It can affect memory, learning and higher-level functioning, he said, and “those are risks that don’t go away.”

      Original Article : HERE ;

      This post was curated & Posted using : RealSpecific

      Thank you for taking the time to read our article.

      Interested in building a blog or auto-blog like this one ? Or just want to order one ?  Join our "Blogging Tips Tricks and Resources Skype" Group and let's chat about it. 

      Join "Blogging Tips Tricks and Resources Skype" HERE

      Interested in Starting your own Roku TV Channel ? Or interested in learning how to build one ? Join our "Roku TV Channel Development" Skype Group and let's chat about it. 

      Join "Roku TV Channel Development" HERE


      If you enjoyed our content, we'd really appreciate some "love" with a share or two.

      And ... Don't forget to have fun!



      Memester Ace Monthly

      Memester Ace can support 12 Facebook Groups. Facebook Groups support is not available in the elite version. You also get the capability to work with higher caps.The Memester Ace Version can integrate with 25 Facebook Pages, 8 Facebook Profiles, 10 Twitt

      Vidmonial 2.0 Vid Lead Pages

      Generate gorgeous video lead capture pages for clients with this drag/drop cloud app.

      TrafficZion - Free Traffic

      A true free traffic grabbing software on AUTOPILOT in any niche!?

      Leave a Reply